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American Pale Ale

American pale ale

American pale ale (APA) was developed around 1980.The brewery thought to be the first to successfully use significant quantities of American hops in the style of APA and use the name "pale ale", was the Sierra Nevada Brewing Company,which brewed the first experimental batch of Sierra Nevada Pale Ale in November 1980,distributing the finished version in March 1981.Anchor Liberty Ale, a 6% abv ale originally brewed by the Anchor Brewing Company as a special in 1975 to commemorate Paul Revere's midnight ride in 1775, which marked the start of the American War of Independence, was seen by Michael Jackson, a writer on beverages, as the first modern American ale.Fritz Maytag, the owner of Anchor, visited British breweries in London, Yorkshire and Burton upon Trent, picking up information about robust pale ales, which he applied when he made his American version, using just malt rather than the malt and sugar combination common in brewing at that time, and making prominent use of the American hop, Cascade.The beer was popular, and became a regular in 1983.Other pioneers of a hoppy American pale ale are Jack McAuliffe of the New Albion Brewing Company and Bert Grant of Yakima Brewing.

American pale ales are generally around 5% abv, with significant quantities of American hops, typically Cascade.Although American brewed beers tend to use a cleaner yeast, and American two row malt,it is particularly the American hops that distinguish an APA from a British or European pale ale.[The style is close to the American India pale ale(IPA), and boundaries blur,though IPAs are stronger and more assertively hopped.The style is also close to Amber ale, though these are darker and maltier due to the use of crystal malts.

 

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